References and Resources

A.L. Schawlow and C.H. Townes. “Infrared and optical masers,” Phys. Rev. 112, 1940 (1958).

J. H. Sanders. “Optical maser design,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 3, 86 (1959).

A. Javan. “Possibility of producing of negative temperature in gas discharge” Phys. Rev. Lett. 3, 87 (1959).

C.H. Townes, ed. Quantum Electronics: A Symposium (Cambridge Univ. Press, New York, 1960).

R.A. Barber. The Advanced Research Projects Agency, 1958-1974 (Defense Technical Information Center, 1975).

S.B. Riess and A.L. Schawlow. “Optics and laser spectroscopy, Bell Telephone Laboratories, 1951-1961, and Stanford University since 1961,” oral history interview, Regional Oral History Office, Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley, California (1996).

C.H. Townes. How the Laser Happened (Oxford, 1999).

W.R. Bennett, “Background of an inversion: The first gas laser,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 869 (2000)

N. Taylor. Laser: The Inventor, the Nobel Laureate, and the Thirty-Year Patent War (Simon & Schuster, New York, 2000).

J. Hecht. Beam: The Race to Make the Laser (Oxford Univ. Press, New York, 2005).

S. Weinberger. The Imagineers of War: The Untold Story of DARPA, the Pentagon Agency That Changed the World (Knopf, New York, 2017).

A. Parson. Mortimer Rogoff: Man of the Future (Direct Digital Publications, Washington).

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