Engineering with Bound States in the Continuum

Kirill Koshelev, Andrey Bogdanov and Yuri Kivshar

Identified nearly a century ago by early workers in quantum mechanics, bound states can dramatically reduce radiation from optical resonators, opening up new application prospects in nanophotonics.

figureRecent work led by Hatice Altug, EPFL, has used bound states to create ultrasensitive biosensing devices targeted for personalized medicine. [EPFL / Bionanophotonic Systems laboratory]

The physics of resonant nanostructures, which can trap light at the subwavelength scales and form high-density concentrations of electromagnetic energy, are driving advances in nanophotonics and metamaterials, taking the world closer to schemes for all-optical communication and data processing. For dielectric nanoscale structures in particular, the optical response depends on Mie resonances that not only strongly enhance light’s electric- and magnetic-field components, but also enable complex wavefront control, including modulation of amplitude, phase, dispersion and polarization of light (see “Meta-optics with Mie resonances,” OPN, January 2017).

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Publish Date: 01 January 2020

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