Feature Articles

Vision Sensors in Automobiles: An Indian Perspective

Traffic accidents kill more people than most diseases—and the roads in India are among the most dangerous in the world. CMOS-based vision sensors could help save lives by extending drivers’ sight far beyond their mirrors and headlights, enabling them to react more quickly to potential hazards.

by Mukul Sarkar
Light Pollution: The Problem and the Possible Solutions

Over the past quarter-century, scientists have become increasingly aware of the problems that light pollution causes for astronomers, migrating birds and human health and safety. Finding effective means to reduce the effects will take the combined efforts of research scientists, lighting engineers, architects, city planners, businesspeople and homeowners.

by Patricia Daukantas
Beyond the Beam: A History of Multidimensional Lasers

For the past half century, both scientists and the public have come to think of lasers as producing line-like beams. Yet there’s nothing about the laser that requires light emission to occur in a single dimension. Though initially forgotten and ignored, multidimensional lasers may define the next era of the technology’s evolution.

by Zoltán György Horváth
Albert Einstein and the Nature of Light

Einstein’s genius lay in his ability to bridge the gap between radiation in space and radiation-matter interactions. He explained the interaction between light and matter by the absorption and emission of light quanta, thereby explaining several perplexing physical phenomena.

by Barry R. Masters

Departments and Columns

Optimal Light Extraction is Key to Solar-Cell Efficiency

Managing the photons within a gallium arsenide solar cell to maximize its external fluorescence was the key step to realizing its record efficiency.

Digital Stain Could Reveal Cancerous Cells

Scientists at the Imperial College, London, U.K., have developed a mid-infrared imaging method to assist in quickly identifying cancerous cells.

Career Focus
Choosing a Career at a National Lab

Physics or engineering graduate students often see only two choices for their career paths—academia in one direction and industry in the other. However, there’s a third option: a national laboratory. Tyler Ralston talks about his experience working for a national lab and the unique opportunities that this career choice provides.

Lessons from an Editorial Term

OSA Fellow Pablo Artal recently finished his second and final term as a topical editor of the Journal of the Optical Society of America A. Here, he shares his advice to authors and reviewers based on his six years of experience.

Spotting Malaria Fast

An international group of researchers reports that a simple, secondary speckle-sensing microscopy technique quickly and correctly identified malaria in cells

Burst-Mode Laser Captures Combustion Details

American researchers have devised a new-type of laser that provides bursts lasting 10 times longer than previous examples—enough to enable “movies” of these reactions.

Optical Engineering
Automated Inspection of Optics using ISO Specifications

Representatives from Research Electro-Optics Inc., a precision optics manufacturer, explain how to quickly and accurately identify surface defects using an automated microscope-based system that follows the ISO 10110-7 specification.

Light Touch
Zograscopes: An 18th Century Perspective on 3-D Imaging

So-called perspective machines were popular parlor amusements in the 18th and 19th centuries. Also known as zograscopes or boites d’optique, these devices brought flat images to life in the days before stereoscopic imaging.

Global Optics
Fiber Optics in India: A Nomad’s Journey

A post-doc regales us with cultural and scientific observations from his trip to fiber optics labs throughout India.

Photonics Explorer: Working within the Curriculum to Engage Young Minds

The Photonics Explorer teaching kit is designed to work within the European secondary school curriculum. This approach allows teachers to easily incorporate optics and photonics into their lesson plans and introduces more students to this exciting field.

Presidential Profile: Boris Peter Stoicheff

Boris Peter Stoicheff was OSA’s 1976 President and a key player in the laser spectroscopy revolution. He was a dedicated researcher, teacher, author and friend.


Also in this Issue

Book Reviews
Book Reviews

OSA Today
OSA Today

Product Profiles
Product Profiles

In Memory
In Memory

Remembering William R. Hunter, Guoguang Mu, Douglas S. Goodman and Elias Snitzer.

President's Message
President's Message

Advertiser Index
Advertiser Index