Ludwig Boltzmann A Pioneer in Atomic Theory

Barry R. Masters

Ludwig Boltzmann’s pioneering work in atomic-molecular kinetics, statistical mechanics and thermodynamics bridged the gap between Maxwell’s classical physics of the 19th century and the quantum era ushered in by Planck and Einstein.


figurePortrait of Ludwig Boltzmann.

At a time when the classical continuum model of matter and energy reigned supreme, one physicist and philosopher was able to see beyond it: Ludwig Eduard Boltzmann. An important advocate of the atomic theory, Boltzmann made fundamental contributions to statistical mechanics and thermodynamics based on his atomic-molecular kinetic conception of matter.

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