Integrated Photonics: The Cost of Commercialization

Tom Hausken

Photonic integrated circuits are promising for many applications, but high front- and back-end costs present challenges to wide adoption.

Man in PIC lab

Researcher assembling a processor based on a PIC. [FMN Lab; CC-BY-4.0]

There is an expectation that photonic integrated circuits (PICs) will be widely adopted as a technology because of the opportunity they provide to reduce manufacturing costs for high-parts-count products, much as integration reduced costs for electronics. Integrated photonics can also offer other advantages, including a smaller form factor, better mechanical stability and better proximity (such as for quantum computing and high-frequency circuits).

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