30, 20, and 10 Years Ago in OPN

Diversity in STEM; optical thin film coatings; Tingye Li.

Janice Wallace1993 GEM Fellow Janice Wallace at Fermilab [Fermilab Visual Media Services]

“Although the number of science and engineering (S&E) degrees earned by underrepresented minorities—African Americans, Native Americans, and Hispanic Americans—continues to slowly increase, their numbers are still small. According to the National Science Foundation, the number of S&E doctorates awarded to these minorities in 1990 was 831—just 6% of all S&E doctorates … ‘Race still makes a difference in this country whether we want it to or not,’ says [Shirley] Malcom. ‘We need special programs because the world is not yet fair to these groups, but we also must work to change the system.’”

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Publish Date: 01 September 2023

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