Machine Vision: The Eyes of Industry 4.0

Valerie C. Coffey

Machine-learning algorithms embedded in advanced CMOS cameras are creating smart imaging systems that can replace human vision and decisions in the “fourth industrial revolution.”

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To some, a world in which automated, interconnected artificial-intelligence (AI) systems control everything from driving and farming to manufacturing and government systems sounds like dystopian science fiction. But economists and historians alike predict a coming wave of cyber-physical production so big, it will define the fourth industrial revolution—also known as Industry 4.0 or the Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT).

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