Optics in India

Lakshminarayan Hazra

From antiquity to C.V. Raman’s time to today, India has evolved to become a leader in optical research and industry.


imageUniversal optical test bench at the University of Calcutta.

Indian mythology contains many examples of the deep sense of appreciation that Indians had for optical phenomena more than two millennia ago. However, scientific studies in optics did not emerge until 1895, with Sir Jagadish Chandra Bose’s pioneering works on millimeter electromagnetic waves. Bose also studied the behavior of dielectrics at high frequencies and double refraction in birefringent materials.

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