Feature Articles

Optics in 2008

This special issue of Optics & Photonics News (OPN) highlights the most exciting research to emerge in the preceding 12 months in the fast-paced world of optics.

by Robert D. Guenther
Beam Engineering

By properly shaping the waveform, we can now control the diffraction of light.

by Georgios Siviloglou, John Broky, Aristide Dogariu and Demetrios Christodoulides

Optics has provided key tools for advancing modern and traditional biology. Now it may play a role in reducing medical costs.

by Ting-wei Su, Sungkyu Seo, Anthony Erlinger, Derek Tseng and Aydogan Ozcan
Diffractive Structures

Photonic structures began in the search for localization associated with defects. Now, however, localized states have been demonstrated in defect-free media.

by Peng Zhang, Cibo Lou, Sheng Liu, Fajun Xiao, Jianlin Zhao, Jingjun Xu and Zhigang Chen

We have created lasers with operating properties that we never would have dreamed of when the technology was invented 50 years ago.

by Christiano J.S. de Matos, Leonardo de S. Menezes, Antônio M. Brito-Silva, M.A. Martinez Gámez, Anderson S.L. Gomes and Cid B. de Araújo
Material Processing

Short optical pulses provide useful material processing capability.

by A.Y. Vorobyev and Chunlei Guo

We continue to find new performance enhancements even for mature technologies like optical microscopy

by Fatih Hakan Köklü, Anthony Nickolas Vamivakas, Stephen Ippolito, Bennett B Goldberg and Selim Ünlü

The coupling of micro-fluidics and array imaging opens a fascinating area of research.

by Pietro Ferraro, Lisa Miccio, Simonetta Grilli, Andrea Finizio, Sergio De Nicola and Veronica Vespini
Nonlinear Optics

Nonlinear optical response has enhanced our ability to produce coherent light throughout the optical spectral region.

by Peter M. Moselund, Michael H. Frosz, Carsten L. Thomsen and Ole Bang
Optical Engineering

New waveform generation provides the experimentalist with interesting new tools

by Miguel A. Preciado and Miguel A. Muriel
Optical Storage

Temporal storage of optical signals is a needed capability in communications.

by Moshe Shuker, Ofer Firstenberg, Amiram Ron, Rami Pugatch and Nir Davidson
Optical Tweezers

First discovered in 1970, optical tweezers can now be generated and controlled.

by Jesper Glückstad, Darwin Z. Palima, Jeppe S. Dam and Ivan P.-Nielsen

Electron-spin-based photonic devices are a hot topic in optical research.

by Yuri Gorodetski, Konstantin Y. Bliokh, Avi Niv, Vladimir Kleiner, and Erez Hasman
Quantum Optics

It is now possible to conduct optical experiments on systems that exhibit strongly correlated behavior.

Remote Sensing

We continue to develop more sensitive systems for the remote sensing of biological and chemical trace components.

by Haowen Li, D. Ahmasi Harris, Bingwei Xu, Paul J. Wrzesinski, Vadim V. Lozovoy and Marcos Dantus

We have missed the presence of resonant scattering behavior in the Rayleigh region for years, but a clue was lurking in quantum theory.

by Andrey E. Miroshnichenko, Sergej Flach, Andrey V. Gorbach, Boris S. Luk’yanchuk, Yuri S. Kivshar and Michael I. Tribelsky
Terahertz Technology

This frequency range has had a variety of names since the 1960s, and researchers continue to be interested in exploiting this spectral region.

by Ki-Yong Kim, Antoinette J. Taylor, James H. Glownia and George Rodriguez
Ultrafast Optics

We describe a novel short pulse laser system.

by Frank Wise

Departments and Columns

Bridging the Gap

The Australian National University’s Student Chapter recently conducted an optics outreach program targeting teens in a remote part of Australia.

Light Touch
Sea Change: A History of Submarine Periscopes

The complicated story of a seemingly simple maritime technology.

Photo Caption Contest Results

We received many witty responses to our recent solicitation for creative descriptions of three historical photos. Here are some of our favorites.

Policy Matters
The Quest for Women Scientists

The National Science Foundation, the National Academies of Sciences and other U.S. organizations are looking for a few good women—well, more than a few—to pursue careers in the sciences.

Phase Mask Could Boost Iris Recognition Systems

Biometric imaging devices that recognize the unique fibrous structures of the human eye have been touted for security applications. An engineer has developed a phase mask that would make image acquisition easier for subjects to use by increasing the camera’s depth of field.

The History of OSA
Early OSA Honors and Awards

Early in OSA’s history, two special honors were created to recognize optical pioneers.

Researchers Demonstrate Single-Photon Modulation

A team from Stanford University has demonstrated the modulation or "shaping" of single photons in the laboratory.

Did You Know?

Hubble Space Telescope repair mission status update.


Also in this Issue

Book Reviews
Book Reviews


OSA Today
OSA Today

President's Message
President’s Message

In Memory
In Memory

Remembering Ralph R. Jacobs and Edmond M. Reeves.