Photonic Crystals: Towards Large-Scale Integration of Optical and Optoelectronic Circuits

Shanhui Fan and J. D. Joannopoulos

Photonic crystals, since they were first proposed in 1987, have captured worldwide attention because of their intriguing potential to mold the flow of light. One particularly interesting aspect of photonic crystals is their unique capability to confine and control light at the single wavelength scale. This capability may lead to the exciting prospect of miniaturization and large-scale integration of optical and optoelectronic devices.

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