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Using Optics to Monitor Volcanoes

Ulrike Willer, Christian Bohling and Wolfgang Schade

Geochemical reactions and seismic activity lead to changes in the temperature and composition of volcanic gases. Laser spectroscopy enables online, in situ monitoring of volcanoes. In combination with fiber optic sensors, it may one day serve as the basis for a new type of eruption warning system.

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Publish Date: 01 March 2004

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